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Critical information on Corn (maize) before getting into import export


Corn ( maize) exports by Country #maizeexport #cornexport

International sales of all corn exports by country totaled US$36.5 billion in 2020.

Also known as maize, the value of globally exported corn rose by an average 24.6% for all exporting countries since 2016 when corn shipments were valued at $29.3 billion.


Year over year, the value of corn exports expanded by 2% from 2019 to 2020.


The 5 biggest exporters (United States, Argentina, Brazil, Ukraine, France) generated over three-quarters (76.9%) of total international sales in 2020.


Among continents, countries in Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean sold the highest dollar worth of corn exports during 2020 with shipments valued at $12.4 billion or 33.9% of the worldwide total. Close behind in second place was Europe at 33.6% while 27.2% worth originated from shippers in North America.




The top exporters


Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of corn during 2020.

  1. United States: US$9.6 billion (26.2% of total corn exports)

  2. Argentina: $6.1 billion (16.6%)

  3. Brazil: $5.9 billion (16%)

  4. Ukraine: $4.9 billion (13.4%)

  5. France: $1.7 billion (4.7%)

  6. Romania: $1.2 billion (3.4%)

  7. Hungary: $1 billion (2.8%)

  8. Serbia: $644.6 million (1.8%)

  9. South Africa: $564.6 million (1.5%)

  10. Bulgaria: $497.5 million (1.4%)

  11. Russia: $395.2 million (1.1%)

  12. India: $389.3 million (1.1%)

  13. Myanmar: $382.7 million (1%)

  14. Paraguay: $322.3 million (0.9%)

  15. Poland: $322.2 million (0.9%)


The listed 15 countries shipped 92.7% of global corn exported in 2020 by value.


Among the top exporters, the fastest-growing corn exporters from 2019 to 2020 were: India (up 170.6%), South Africa (up 100.9%), Myanmar (up 61.7%) and Poland (up 33.9%).


Those countries that posted declines in their exported corn sales were led by: Russia (down -35.9%), Brazil (down -21.1%), Paraguay (down -19.4%), Romania (down -11.9%) and Ukraine (down -6.4%).


Share of China imports

The USDA figures show that China has bought 9.5 million tonnes of corn from the United States and is expected to import about 26 million tonnes from all international suppliers for the 2021-22 season

Chinese annual corn demand has more than doubled in the past decade, largely for livestock feed, and US exporters in the past two years have emerged as primary beneficiaries. In 2020, China imported 11.3 million tonnes of corn, of which 40% came from the United States


Share of USA corn production in GMO / non GMO

Corn is the most commonly grown crop in the United States, and most of it is GMO. Most GMO corn is created to resist insect pests or tolerate herbicides. ... These are the same types of proteins that organic farmers use to control insect pests, and they do not harm other, beneficial insects such as ladybugs


What percentage of US corn is GMO?

92%

Currently, up to 92% of U.S. corn is genetically engineered (GE), as are 94% of soybeans and 94% of cotton [1] (cottonseed oil is often used in food products).


The United States had the largest area of genetically modified crops worldwide in 2019, at 71.5 million hectares, followed by Brazil with a little over 52.8 million hectares.


Difference between GMO / non GMO corn

The difference between conventional and non-GMO corn is simply a higher level of trait-free purity. This is achieved by seed production practices, farmer production practices and marketing strategy. Similar to conventional corn, non-GMO corn seed does not contain any intentionally added GM material


Does China allows to import GMO corn ?

Beijing has never permitted planting of GMO soybean or corn varieties but it permits their import for use in animal feed.


Brazil corn export share

The fastest growing export markets for Corn of Brazil between 2018 and 2019 were Japan ($1.07B), South Korea ($384M), and Chinese Taipei ($366M). Imports In 2019.


Which countries ban GMO foods ?

In addition to France and Germany, other European countries that placed bans on the cultivation and sale of GMOs include Austria, Hungary, Greece, and Luxembourg. Poland has also tried to institute a ban, with backlash from the European Commission.


Which countries use GMOs the most?

Among the countries growing GM crops, the USA (70.9 Mha), Brazil (44.2 Mha), Argentina (24.5 Mha) India (11.6 Mha) and Canada (11 Mha) are the largest users.


How do I know if my corn are GMO?

PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is the most widespread method for identification of GMOs. PCR consists of extraction and purification of DNA, amplification of the inserted DNA by PCR (Figure 3) and confirmation of the amplified PCR product. In principle, PCR can detect a single target molecule in a complex DNA mixture.



Is genetically modified corn safe?

Yes. There is no evidence that a crop is dangerous to eat just because it is GM. There could be risks associated with the specific new gene introduced, which is why each crop with a new characteristic introduced by GM is subject to close scrutiny. Since the first widespread commercialisation of GM produce 18 years ago there has been no evidence of ill effects linked to the consumption of any approved GM crop.


What is good about GMO corn?

Research data analysis revealed GMO corn offers farmers increased grain yields, improved grain quality, and a decrease in insect damage. They also note modest or no effect on numbers of non-target insects. ...

GMO corn is technology that we are wise to use

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