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#Sugar sounds so sweet ; but do you know how it produced and what are the various types of sugar ?

Updated: Oct 21, 2021



Let us talk on various grades and chemical compositions ; though it just could be interesting to those who are probably in this trade.


Would mostly talk on refining process adopted in Brazil and South America and Indian grade . We would keep our discussion on mostly technical specs .


BRAZIL & SOUTH AMERICAN GRADE SUGAR


What is #ICUMSA?

International Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis (ICUMSA)


The International Commission for Uniform Methods for Sugar Analysis (ICUMSA) is a regulatory organization which sets the global standard for quality control in sugar. ... Typically, an ICUMSA rating of 45 indicates a highly refined white sugar of high purity, whereas brown sugar would have a rating of around 1000.


SUPER REFINED SUGAR #ICUMSA25 MAX

§ Colour MAX. 25 Icumsa

§ Polarization MIN. 99.9 % Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture MAX. 0.04 % by weight

§ Conductivity Ash MAX. 0.015 % by weight

§ Invert Sugar MAX. 0.03 % by weight

§ Average Size 0.6 mm.

§ Target M.A. 0.40 - 0.80 mm.

§ Sediments MAX. 0.02 % by weight

§ Arsenic MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Lead MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Copper MAX. 1.50mg/kg

§ Pesticide NONE

§ Sulphur Dioxide NONE

§ Pathogenic Bacteria NONE

§ Coli-form Bacteria MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM

§ E. Coli NONE

§ Yeast & Mold MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM


REFINED SUGAR #ICUMSA45 MAX

§ Refined Sugar 45 Icumsa Max

§ Colour MAX. 60 Icumsa

§ Polarization MIN. 99.8 % Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture MAX. 0.04 % by weight

§ Conductivity Ash MAX. 0.10% by weight

§ Invert Sugar MAX. 0.10 % by weight

§ Average Size 0.60 - 0.90 mm.

§ Target M.A. 1.00 ñ 1.50 mm.

§ Sediments MAX. 0.02% by weight

§ Arsenic MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Lead MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Copper MAX. 1.50mg/kg

§ Pesticide NONE

§ Sulphur Doixide NONE

§ Pathogenic Bacteria NONE

§ Coli-form Bacteria MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM

§ E. Coli NONE

§ Yeast & Mold MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM


WHITE SUGAR #ICUMSA100 MAX

§ White Sugar 100 Icumsa Max

§ Colour MAX. 100 Icumsa

§ Polarization MIN. 99.8 % Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture MAX. 0.04 % by weight

§ Conductivity Ash MAX. 0.10% by weight

§ Invert Sugar MAX. 0.10 % by weight

§ Average Size 0.8 mm.

§ Target M.A. 0.5 ñ 1.00 mm.

§ Sediments MAX. 0.02% by weight

§ Arsenic MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Lead MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Copper MAX. 1.50mg/kg

§ Pesticide NONE

§ Sulphur Doixide NONE

§ Pathogenic Bacteria NONE

§ Coli-form Bacteria MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM

§ E. Coli NONE

§ Yeast & Mold MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM


Color #ICUMSA #300-600 ICUMSA Sugar

§ Sucrose:99.4-99.8° (Direct Polarisation)

§ Dextrose:150 M.A.U. max

§ Invert Sugar:0.03% max.

§ Moisture:0.01-0.08% max.

§ Ash:0.02-0.09% max.

§ Heavy Metals:5ppm max.

§ Sulphite:10ppm max.

§ MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS:

§ TVC: < 1000/gm Solids

§ Yeasts: < 20/gm Solids

§ Moulds: < 20/gm Solids

§ SHELF LIFE: 3 years from packing date


COARSE REFINED 60 #ICUMSA60 SUGAR

§ Coarse Refined Sugar

§ Colour MAX. 60 Icumsa

§ Polarization MIN. 99.8 % Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture MAX. 0.04 % by weight

§ Conductivity Ash MAX. 0.10% by weight

§ Invert Sugar MAX. 0.10 % by weight

§ Average Size 1-1.8 mm.

§ Target M.A. 1.00 ñ 1.50 mm.

§ Sediments MAX. 0.02% by weight

§ Arsenic MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Lead MAX. 0.50mg/kg

§ Copper MAX. 1.50mg/kg

§ Pesticide NONE

§ Sulphur Doixide NONE

§ Pathogenic Bacteria NONE

§ Coli-form Bacteria MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM

§ E. Coli NONE

§ Yeast & Mold MAX. 10 CFU/10 GM


DEMERARA Min. 1800 #ICUMSA 1800 ñ Max. 4000 #ICUMSA 4000 SUGAR

§ Demerara Sugar

§ Colour Min. 1800 ICUMSA ñ Max. 4000 ICUMSA

§ Polarization Min 98.50 Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture Max. 0.2 Percent by weight

§ Conductivity Ash Max. 0.8 Percent by weight

§ Invert Sugar Max. 0.8 Percent by weight

§ Sediments Max. 0.07 Percent by weight

§ Target M.A. 0.9 ñ 1.4 mm.

§ Average Size 1.00 mm.


What is #ICUMSA 600 -1200 sugar

Known as brown sugar, Icumsa 600-1200 is 100% raw refined and is produced after the first crystallization of sugar cane. This sugar is thicker than white sugar (known as Icumsa 45) and its color is brownish. Raw brown sugar from sugar cane, when fully refined, contains about 70% white sugar.

§ COMMODITY: BROWN SUGAR “VHP” FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

§ ORIGIN: BRAZIL

§ ICUMSA: 600 TO 1500

§ TYPICAL COLOR: BROWN,

§ TYPICAL POLARIZATION: 97.8 degree to 99.2 degree

§ SOLUBILITY: 95% MOISTURE: 0.15% MAXIMUM

§ ASH CONTENT: 0.15%

§ MAXIMUM GRANULATION: 0.6 mm of regular square (medium size)

§ SUBSTANCE: SOLID CRYSTAL

§ MAGNETIC PARTICLE: 10 MAX MG/KG

§ RADIATION: Within internationally acceptable limits

§ REDUCING SUGAR: 0.05% MAXIMUM BY WEIGHT

§ SEDIMENTS: NONE

§ SMELL: Free from unusual or abnormal smells

§ HPN STAPH AUREUS: NIL

§ SO2: 20 MG/KG MAXIMUM

§ MAX AS: 1 P.P.M.

§ MAX PB: 2 P.P.M.

§ MAX CU: 3 P.P.M.

§ CROP: CURRENT

VHP #RAW SUGAR (GRANULATED) 1500 #ICUMSA 1500 MAX

§ VHP Raw Sugar (Granulated) 1500 Icumsa Max

§ Colour Min. 600 ICUMSA ñ Max. 1500 ICUMSA

§ Polarization Min 98.50 Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture Max. 0.2 Percent by weight

§ Conductivity Ash Max. 0.8 Percent by weight

§ Invert Sugar Max. 0.8 Percent by weight

§ Sediments Max. 0.07 Percent by weight

§ Target M.A. 0.7 ñ 1.2 mm.

§ Average Size 0.85 mm.

SOFT BROWN 14,000 #ICUMSA 14000 SUGAR

Soft Brown Sugar

The main characteristics of brown sugar are fine, dusty grain and liable to be lumpy, light to dark brown, with natural smell of sugar cane. It is directly processed from sugar cane with either a traditional method of vacuum-pan or modern method. It can be used as a substitution of white sugar, widely used in soya sauce, coconut sugar cake, an in general confectionary.


§ Colour 14,000 ICUMSA MAX.

§ Polarization Min 94.00 Degree Polarization (0Z)

§ Moisture Max. 0.7 Percent by weight

§ Packing 50 Kilogram


#ORGANIC SUGAR

Sugarcane is a plant that can be utilized very efficiently. After sugar is extracted, sugar cane trash (bagasse) is burned in boiler to be used as energy, and the residues removed in the sugar production process are brought back to the fields for use as fertilizer.

"When it comes to eco-friendliness, people tend to focus only on CO2 reduction, but sugarcane cultivation and the production of sugar is also friendly to soil and the global environment in that food residues are recycled in the process. It is a sustainable environmental activity that provides a reliable and safe food. This is organic in a broader sense."

All of their sugar comes from pure organic sugarcane syrup, which is characterized by its natural sweet taste.

Organic sugar has been used by a variety of food manufacturers raging from confectioners, to makers of jam, ketchup, seasoning soy sauce, among others


Organic Sugar

PRODUCT: Organic Cane Sugar

DESCRIPTION: Sugar crystals extracted entirely from the juice of unburnt sugar cane. The flavour is smooth and mild with a slightly fruity aroma. The colour is light golden yellow.

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Brazil

PACKAGING: 25kg Food grade multi-wall paper sacks. Labelling includes weight, exporter, month of packing and inkjet printed batch number.

STORAGE CONDITIONS: Cool & Dry, ambient.


Currently, organic granulated white and brown sugars have gained popularity among consumers. Brown sugar is especially popular for its pure sweetness.



INDIAN SUGAR


HOW MANY GRADES ARE THERE OF #INDIAN SUGAR?

THERE ARE 7 GRADES OF INDIAN SUGAR WHICH HAVE BEEN DECIDED/APPROVED BY THE SUGAR TECHNOLOGIES ASSOCIATION OF INDIA AND INDIAN SUGAR MILLS ASSOCIATION, ETC. ORGANIZATIONS

The Sugar Technologists Association of India and Indian Sugar Mills Association, etc. organizations have approved the set of seven sugar standards in seven grades i.e. L31, L30, M31, M30, S31, S30 and SS 31.

While L, M, S and SS denoted crystal size as large, medium, small and super small, 31 and 30 represent the colour series with 31 being superior white.

All Specifications of Indian Sugar are subject to the Indian Sugar Standards, which are issued at the beginning of every sugar season (September-October) by the Government of India authorized institute.


THERE ARE SEVEN GRADES OF INDIAN SUGAR AS FOLLOWING-


THESE SEVEN GRADES OF INDIAN SUGAR HAVE BEEN DECIDED/APPROVED BY THE SUGAR TECHNOLOGIES ASSOCIATION OF INDIA AND INDIAN SUGAR MILLS ASSOCIATION, ETC. ORGANIZATIONS


1. S-30

2. S-31

3. SS 31 (S2 31)

4. M-30

5. M-31

6. L-30

7. L-31


WHAT IS THE MEANING OF 30 AND 31 IN INDIAN SUGAR?


IN INDIAN SUGAR 30 AND 31 REPRESENT THE COLOR SERIES OF SUGAR. 30 IS WHITE AND 31 REPRESENTS THE SUPER WHITE.


SIMILARITY BETWEEN ICUMSA ( BRAZIL ) AND INDIAN GRADE

#S-30 White Refined Sugar of Indian origin / and or #ICUMSA 80 -150 White Refined Sugar of Brazil origin

**




Specifications of - S-30 White Refined Sugar or ICUMSA 100-150 White Refined Sugar -

HS CODE - 17019100

ICUMSA: Less than 150 ICUMSA as Determined In Sugar Analysis (approx)

Colour 100 ICUMSA 125 ICUMSA 150 ICUMSA

· Color: Sparkling White

· Crystal Size or Granule Size: 0.8 to 1.2 mm (approx)

· Form: Granular

· Crop : Current

· So2: 70mg/K

· Radiation : Normal Within Internationally Accepted Limit

· Moisture: 0.04% Max By Weight

· Solubility : 100% Dry Free Fine Flowing

· Polarization : 99.80% Min

· Granulation : Fine Standard

· Ash By Electrical : 0.04% Max (on Dry Weight Basis)

· Smell : Free Or Any Smell

· Reducing Sugar: 0.05% Max By Weight

· Hpn Staph Aureus: Nil

· Max.As : 1 Ppm

· Max.Ps : 2 Ppm

· Substance : Solid Crystal

· Purity (%): 99.9

· Country of Origin: India

· Processing Type: Refined

· Shelf Life: 2 - 3 years

· Primary Ingredient: Cane Sugar


**

Specifications of - #M-30 White Refined Sugar or ICUMSA 80-150 White Refined Sugar

HS CODE - 17019100


All Specifications of Indian Sugar are subject to the Indian Sugar Standards, which are issued at the beginning of every sugar season (September-October) by the Government of India authorized institute.


ICUMSA: Less than 150 ICUMSA , as determined in sugar analysis (approx)

· Color: Sparkling White

· Crystal Size or Granule Size: 1.4 to 1.7 mm (approx)

· Form: Granular

· Crop : Current

· So2: 70mg/K

· Radiation : Normal Within Internationally Accepted Limit

· Moisture: 0.04% Max By Weight

· Solubility : 100% Dry Free Fine Flowing

· Polarization : 99.80% Min

· Granulation : Fine Standard, Free Flowing

· Ash By Electrical : 0.04% Max (on Dry Weight Basis)

· Smell : Free Or Any Smell

· Reducing Sugar: 0.05% Max By Weight

· Foreign Matter: Less Than 0.20%

· Hpn Staph Aureus: Nil

· Max.As : 1 Ppm

· Max.Ps : 2 Ppm

· Substance : Solid Crystal

· Purity (%): 99.9

· Country of Origin: India

· Processing Type: Refined

· Shelf Life: 2 - 3 years

· Primary Ingredient: Cane Sugar


**

Specifications of #Indian Raw Sugar;

ICUMSA: 600 – 1200 (RBU, Attenuation Index Units Method # 4-1978)

· Polarization: 96.00% Min (97.80 % to 99.2% )

· Ash content: 0.09% Max

· Colour: Brown

· Form: Crystal small

· Moisture: 0.09% Max

· Solubility: 90% Free Flowing

· Granulation: Fine

· SO2: 20 PPM

· Processing Type: Refined

· ASH CONTENT: 0.15% Maximum by Weight

· MOISTURE: 0.15% Maximum by Weight

· SOLUBILITY : 95% Dry & free flowing

· GRANULOMETRY: 0.6 mm of regular square (medium size)

· RADIATION: Within International acceptable limits

· SULPHUR DIOXIDE: 60 mg / kg

· SMELL: Free of any odor

· REDUCING SUGAR: 0.05 % Maximum by Weight

· SO2: 120 mg / kg

· SUBSTANCE: Solid brown Crystal

· MAGNETIC PARTICLES: 10 Mg / kg

· MAX AS: 1 PPM

· MAX PS: 2 PPM

· MAX CU: 3 PPM

· HPN STAPH AUREUS: NIL

· FREE FROM: Mold, unnatural odors, chemicals, and insects

· POISONOUS: Phytosanitary Certificate

· SEED / HUSKS: of no radiation, no virus, no insect pats, no poisonous matter and non genetic and is suitable for human consumption

· Usage: Used in cooking and baking projects


***

Sources : Various trade sources







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